Anyone who wants to create a beautiful rose garden should learn how to take care of this plant. Luckily, roses are fairly resilient so you shouldn’t have lots of difficulties when it comes to growing them successfully. The blooms of roses are appreciated everywhere and their beauty has great potential to enhance the look of any yard. Outdoor roses will need regular care to ensure they can thrive and produce the elegant blooms you expect.
Although rose gardening has been often considered a difficult process in the past, you can learn to grow and care for rose flowers without a lot of effort nowadays. It’s all about keeping some essential aspects in mind. In this article, we’ll carefully analyze the most important components involved with caring for roses. You’ll also get some helpful tips to do a proper job and create the delightful garden of your dreams.
1. Rose Varieties
The first thing to know about rose growing is that bushes come in multiple forms and types with a wide range of varieties. Some roses bloom in different periods while others are climbers or grow miniature flowers. While you may have a preferred style of rose, it’s important to pick a variety that’s well adapted for your climate. Hardy shrub roses work better for colder regions while dry-weather resistant roses can handle the summer heat in warmer regions more effectively.
Here are some of the most treasured rose varieties that can be grown in your garden:
- Rosa Bonica – this is a shrub type of rose with fragrant pink blooms that can handle cooler climates.
- Pat Austin – an orange rose with double cupped flowers and a subtle tea-like scent.
- Cherry Parfait – a hybrid rose featuring two-toned petals in red and white that form a stylish contrast against the dark green leaves.
- Julia Child – this is a floribunda rose with shiny leaves and rich yellow flowers that produce a sweet licorice fragrance.
- Mardi Gras – as its name implies, this rose has a festive look mixing orange and pink hues with a touch of gold.
2. Preparing the Planting Site
Once you’ve decided on the best rose for your garden, it’s time to prepare the planting site. Due to the fact that roses require at least 5 hours of full daily sun, it’s essential to pick the right spot to plant them. Although some extra shade won’t seem to hurt the rose initially, it won’t perform optimally producing disappointing blooms. Those that live in colder regions should choose a location that’s nearer the home foundation for some winter protection.
Well-drained soil that’s slightly acidic represents the best environment for growing roses. Adding extra compost is recommended in case your soil has too much clay or sand in it. Avoid planting multiple roses in a crowded style because the plants require a good degree of air circulation to resist diseases. Walkways can be good places to plant roses but make sure you stick to sunny zones.
3. Planting Roses
If you’re planting dormant roses, they will look like sticks with prickly thorns. It’s a good idea to wear gardening gloves so you don’t get stung. Canes should have around 4 buds each so you might have to do some pruning. Stick to thicker canes only for best results. Roses need fairly deep planting holes and require adequate amounts of organic matter. Make sure you loosen the roots if you’re dealing with container-grown roses.
Roses will grow healthier with the help of mulch. It will ensure that soil remains cool and moist which can be considered an essential aspect for growing roses successfully in hot climates. Mulching will simplify the maintenance process when it comes to irrigating the roses. Aside from preventing weeds, mulch can also be a huge help for boosting the soil quality. Mulch after the roses are planted with a layer of around two inches deep. Spread the wood chips, shredded bark, or straw evenly around the base of the roses.
Depending on the soil type, your roses will have different watering needs. Those growing the plant in sandy soil should irrigate more often whereas gardeners working with clay soil don’t. As a general rule, around an inch of water per week seems to be the ideal amount for most types of roses. Be careful to water the rose garden in the growing season.
Try to focus on watering the root zone deeply as shallow sprinklings may not be as effective and can promote the appearance of fungal diseases. Although roses enjoy a lot of water, it’s important to keep their roots from sitting in it. As we’ve previously mentioned, the soil needs to have decent water drainage. It’s particularly important for the soil to have a balanced level of moisture in the winter to ensure that roses stay in good health.
Fertilizers can encourage roses to grow more efficiently but it’s important to stick to natural types instead of artificial ones. This is because roses can become too tender making them vulnerable to pests like aphids. It’s best to apply natural fertilizer throughout the entire blooming cycle, including at the beginning when roses start to establish. Use a multi-purpose fertilizer three times in the growing season. Although less well absorbed by the roses, banana peels and used coffee grounds are good nutrient sources to consider.
Most roses will require pruning in early spring. One of the best methods to use is deadheading spent blooms with the help of pruning shears. Any old or diseased plant material should be eliminated, and make sure you use some reliable gloves to protect against thorns. Deadheading is essential to promote new blossoms instead of having the plant waste energy for seeds. The result will be a healthier and more attractive rose garden. It’s worth mentioning that you shouldn’t deadhead roses in case you plan on using their fruits.
Roses can be prepared for the winter in a few ways. Stick to pruning only in the spring and never in the fall. Any cuts made during this period will expose the plant to frost damage. The rose beds should remain clean of any material that may harbor diseases. You can use a dormant spray to prevent the growth of fungus.
Keep watering the roses in dry fall weather but don’t fertilize when the frost starts to become a potential threat. It’s recommended to avoid fertilizing 6 weeks before that. Some extra protection will be required for cold regions with below-freezing temperatures. It’s important to rely on a plant enclosure filled with compost and mulch. Something like a mesh cylinder should work well for this purpose.
9. Pests and Diseases
If you take good care of your roses, you shouldn’t really be affected by strong infestations of pests or diseases. Sometimes problems still develop because roses are susceptible to some particular threats. When it comes to pests, you should watch out for Japanese Beetles and aphids. Deer or other animals might be attracted by roses so it’s recommended to plant lavender close by to discourage browsers.
Black Spot represents the main issue to keep in mind in terms of diseases. It’s characterized by black spots on the leaves that become yellow. Roses grown in rainy areas can be particularly vulnerable to this disease. Treatment involves the use of a protective fungicide coating and careful pruning and removal of diseased canes and other plant debris. Powdery mildew and Botrytis Blight are other diseases that can develop in a very humid environment.