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Whether you plan on beautifying a home or finishing off the look of your Zen garden, traditional Japanese plants can help. This article will show you a nice range of plants that thrive in the mountainous regions of Japan. Some are better suited for dry conditions while many flowers prefer a humid climate. If you wish to introduce some classic Japanese icons, these plants will enable you to express your appreciation for Japanese culture.
Japanese plants can capture the essence of their picturesque native environment as they form an elegant balance between beauty and spiritual significance. Take a close look at these traditional Japanese plants that will inspire you to craft a unique arrangement focused on delicate aesthetics and pure relaxation. When grown correctly, it’s safe to say that Japanese gardens resemble works of art. These plants can help you achieve this kind of remarkable look.
1. Camellia Japonica
Camellia japonica should be among your top options for decorating a garden in Japanese style. This is a slow-growing plant with lush blooms and beautiful foliage. It’s one of the most popular varieties from the genus Camellia. The plant is native to mainland China and southern Japan. Camellia japonica is often called the rose of winter as it prefers cooler temperatures and grows better in the shade. Make sure you avoid soil that’s too dry or too moist.
2. Ornamental Cherry Tree
With the help of an ornamental cherry tree, you can bring a classic Japanese vibe to any garden. These are majestic plants that reward you with their beautiful pink or white spring blooms. The cherry trees can also provide a pleasant fragrance adding an extra layer to the overall sensory experience. In the fall and winter seasons, you can also admire the ornamental cherry tree’s textured bark that can make a statement in the garden with its reddish color.
Once cherry blossom season is over, another plant gets into the spotlight. With its bright pink blooms, Azalea is an iconic Japanese plant that shows off its bold look during hot and humid summers. There are also other vibrant colors depending on the Azalea variety. Flowers come in eye-catching shades of yellow, red, white, and many others. Modern hybrid Azalea flowers can bloom again so you can enjoy the floral beauty for an extended period of time. Azalea shrubs enjoy partial shade and prefer regular moisture and slightly more acidic soil.
While its blooms don’t last very long, the iris flower deserves an entry on our list of beautiful Japanese plants. The Japanese iris has some interesting abilities when it comes to water absorption. These flowers tend to love moisture and can be a blessing to plant them in areas that are particularly soggy. We recommend planting multiple irises close to ponds or water streams which allows them to thrive while you can enjoy their vibrant flowers. Some common color varieties include blue and purple irises though this flower is also found in shades of red, orange, pink, and white.
There’s something really special about lotus plants. This is a Japanese plant that sets itself apart from others by creating a stunning display in a water garden. They may look similar to water lilies, but lotuses can beautify any water feature by rising above the water level. These plants have large roots and leaves, and they produce elegant flowers in late summer. Lotus plants hold a special place when it comes to any traditional Japanese style garden because of their spiritual significance.
Hosta plants belong in any garden with Japanese-style arrangements. They have a distinctive look and grow pretty much everywhere in Japan. Thanks to a wide range of hosta varieties, with different leaf sizes, shapes, and colors, it’s simple to craft a Japanese garden based only on this plant without the risk of creating a monotonous look. Keep in mind that this plant is a huge water lover so it needs a performant irrigation system to stay vibrant and healthy.
7. Japanese Maple
Japanese maple trees are a marvelous sight to behold in their native lands, particularly in the autumn season as they decorate the hills and gardens with splashes of vivid colors and multiple textures. Vibrant reds and bright yellows are just some of the usual shades you can expect when it comes to Japanese maple trees. It’s not easy to describe a traditional Japanese maple as these plants show off a remarkable variety. One thing they all have in common is the delicate structure that can feel inspiring for any Zen garden out there.
One of the blessings of the rain season in Japan is the bloom of elegant blue hydrangea flowers. This plant is commonly used for ornamentation purposes in Japan. It has an interesting ability to change the color of its flowers as it varies from shades of pink to intense purple-blue. Adequate rainfall helps hydrangeas thrive and they grow best in mild climates. Certain varieties like the paniculata can also handle hot summers. Well-drained soil is a must-have requirement.
The Japanese wisteria plant deserves a mention for its magical look. It can be successfully integrated into a traditional Japanese garden although it takes a bit more effort to properly maintain its beauty. After flowering, wisterias need pruning to control the growth so they don’t overwhelm the entire garden with their presence. This process also helps the stylish flower blooms take center stage. Among color varieties, we can count white and purple wisteria plants.
Bamboo is one plant that can be safely considered a staple of Japanese culture. This is a must-have addition to a traditional Japanese garden. It delivers a strong Zen aesthetic while the Japanese people also prize bamboo for its durability and versatility. It’s recommended to choose a clumping bamboo type if you plan on including this traditional Japanese plant in your yard. Some varieties like dragon bamboo are known for their ability to grow very tall. A bamboo plant arrangement can easily become the main point of visual interest in your Zen garden.