Low in calories and full of important nutrients, mushrooms can be considered healthy additions to any diet. Instead of purchasing store-bought mushrooms, why not grow your own? It’s totally possible to grow tasty mushrooms in your own garden without too much effort. The secret is to provide mushrooms with ideal growing conditions. There’s also a special material needed for allowing mushrooms to spawn. In this article, we’ll explore all the important aspects of growing mushrooms so you can enjoy them in any dish without running to the supermarket every time.
1. Get Spores
The first step when it comes to growing mushrooms in the garden is to find the best spores. This material is the equivalent of seeds in the mushroom world. Before checking out various mushroom spores online or in reputable stores, it’s important to decide on what kind of mushrooms you wish to grow. There are lots of popular varieties such as Oyster, Shiitake, and White Button mushrooms. Check out this Shiitake dowel spawn kit from Amazon that enables anyone to grow this traditional Japanese mushroom in their garden.
2. Find the Right Spot
Considering that mushrooms favor dark and moist environments, you might actually be better off growing mushrooms somewhere in your home like the basement instead of the garden. Mushrooms grow optimally away from direct heat and generally tend to prefer cooler temperatures. If you prepare the ground and logs outdoors that are suitable for mushroom growing, you can also control the environment in the garden pretty well. Keep in mind that growing mushrooms in the garden can take very long, even a couple of years.
3. Research the Needs of Different Mushrooms
Not all mushrooms have the same requirements to thrive so it’s important to get accustomed to the specific needs of the mushroom type you’re growing. Shiitake and Oyster varieties prefer wood while Button and Portobello mushrooms grow better in compost. We’ll take a look at the most popular mushrooms you can grow in the garden and their more specific needs.
4. How to Grow Oyster Nushrooms
The best solution for growing Oyster mushrooms involves the use of a prepared kit that can be bought. It will simplify the process as the mycelium has already started growing. These mushrooms are ideal for garden growing thanks to their preference for dead trees. While that’s how they grow in the wilderness, Oyster mushrooms can also be accommodated to grow on hardwood logs. It’s important to have a reasonably fresh log at your disposal that’s been cut from a healthy tree. As long as the temperature and moisture conditions are just right, you can expect the mycelium to develop into fully-grown mushrooms in around 12 months.
5. How to Grow Shiitake Mushrooms
Shiitake mushrooms have very similar needs to Oyster varieties. We’ve already recommended a wooden dowel kit that will help you grow this wonderful mushroom. You will need to prepare a hardwood log and carefully insert the dowels while ensuring the spawn doesn’t dry out. To prevent that, it’s a good idea to use sealing wax. If you want a faster growing method, it’s recommended to opt for blocks of sterilized sawdust instead of hardwood logs. Keep in mind that it can affect the quality of the mushroom harvest.
6. How to Grow White Button Mushrooms
One of the most grower-friendly mushrooms, White Buttons will require a compost environment. There are kits on the market that arrive complete with pre-spawned substrate to simplify your work. The quality of the compost can play an important role in the final mushroom harvest. We recommend a mixture of wet straw and horse manure to provide concentrated nutrients to the mushrooms. With the help of a spore syringe, you will need to inoculate the compost. In time, you should discover signs of mycelium growing, and with the right conditions, the fruiting process can start in approximately one month after that.