The jasmine plant has beautiful flowers with a distinctive fragrance and some excellent herbal properties. It’s found in warmer climates such as tropical areas but it can be grown successfully in temperate zones as well. If you’re looking to bring the fragrant blooms of the jasmine plant in your backyard, the following guide should provide you with all the tips needed.
Although there are countless jasmine plant varieties, pretty much all of them have something in common. Their white or yellow flowers are usually star-shaped and delicate. You can grow jasmine in a container indoors or directly outdoors. This exotic plant is capable of blooming on shrubs or vines. The flower buds can be used to make herbal teas with a calming effect.
1. Types of Jasmine
Jasmine is part of the olive family of plants and has around 200 different species, each with its distinctive features. This gives you a flexible range of options to get a more suitable jasmine cultivar depending on your climates and specific needs. Check out the most popular types of jasmine:
- Common Jasmine (Jasminum Officinale) – Also known as white jasmine, this deciduous climber is one of the best cultivars to consider thanks to its beautiful petal arrangement and aromatic properties.
- Winter Jasmine (Jasminum Nudiflorum) – With striking yellow blooms, the winter jasmine can easily stand out in any garden as it loves growing tall with the help of trellis support.
- Wild Jasmine (Jasminum Fruticans) – This is an odorless type of jasmine that prefers the warm Mediterranean climate and grows up to 4 feet tall.
- Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac) – Arabian jasmine is an evergreen shrub or vine with flowers that produce an intense scent that can persist even stronger in herbal teas.
- Dwarf Jasmine (Jasminum Parkeri) – This is a lightly-scented shrub type of jasmine that’s ideal for container use. It has great visual appeal thanks to the combination of starry shaped yellow flowers and evergreen foliage.
2. Planting Jasmine
Most jasmine varieties thrive in full sun though some types can also accommodate in areas with partial shade. Regular soil that’s well-drained represents the best choice for jasmine plants. There’s no need for special fertilizers as this plant can handle multiple soil types. If you plan on growing jasmine indoors, it’s recommended to plant it in the fall while outdoors it’s best to start planting after the final frost in the spring. Choosing a vining variety means you need to prepare a trellis for the fast-growing plant to climb.
3. Caring for Jasmine
When it comes to caring for jasmine flowers, there aren’t lots of special procedures to take into account. In terms of watering needs, jasmine prefers a moist environment but avoid making the soil soggy. Try to water your jasmine plants only when the soil seems dry. It’s a good idea to test it instead of risking overwatering. You don’t have to worry about humidity levels too much for outdoor growing but this is an important aspect for indoor jasmine plants. Delicate varieties can have strict needs in that regard and may require a humidifier.
Properly caring for jasmine flowers needs to take into account pruning. It depends on the specific jasmine cultivar you’ve chosen but it’s safe to say that the majority of jasmine types need it for healthy growing and blooming. Vining jasmine plants have to be correctly trained to get firmly attached to their supports. Pruning can also help shrub types of jasmine to get the desired shape. Dead leaves and spent blooms can be removed with the help of pruning shears.
4. Propagating Jasmine
One of the best methods for propagating jasmine plants involves the use of cuttings. When planted in a rich soil mixture, the cutting should be able to form its roots. Make sure you obtain cuttings that measure around three inches with a few sets of leaves for the best results.
To encourage the growth of the new jasmine plants, it’s recommended to give them a greenhouse environment through the addition of a plastic bag. Wait for around a month to see if the plant develops. Then you can transfer it from the initial container to grow in the backyard once the last frost of the spring is over.
5. Pests and Diseases
Fortunately, there aren’t lots of pests and diseases that can affect your jasmine flowers. Whiteflies and root-knot nematodes can commonly attack jasmine plants. Some varieties, like the winter jasmine, can be particularly susceptible to spider mites. You need to be careful and inspect your plants periodically to treat the infestation before it spreads too much. Nematodes can be tough to beat if they appear on your jasmine plants but they can be countered by introducing beneficial types of nematodes.
When it comes to diseases, jasmine plants are vulnerable to blight, rust, and Fusarium wilt. While it’s difficult to manage the disease once the plants become affected by it, good prevention measures will ensure that the jasmine stays in perfect health. It’s worth stressing once again the importance of avoiding excessive watering. Make sure the jasmine plants benefit from adequate air circulation so the leaves and stems don’t remain soggy.
6. Harvesting and Making Jasmine Tea
Jasmine flowers are beautiful to display in your home or for various floral arrangements. With the help of a pair of pruners, you can take off entire branches from your jasmine vine or shrub. Given how jasmine plants can produce lots of flowers during their blooming season, you can easily cut some to craft a beautiful and fragrant display.
Many people harvest jasmine buds to make their own aromatic teas. The flower buds have great herbal properties. It’s important to pick a good time to harvest jasmine buds so the essence is more concentrated. Early morning seems to work pretty well. Then you can dry the buds naturally or with the help of a baking oven if you need a faster method. Jasmine tea’s potency is amplified if you add some green tea leaves in the mix.